China's industrial self-improvement

There is a struggle called self-improvement, and the development of Chinese industry is just that. Looking back at China’s industrial road, in the first 30 years, it resolved the problems of existence and absence, established an industrial foundation, and completed preliminary industrialization; in the following 30 years, it resolved the issue of grand and totality, bringing in half the population. Industrialization, the establishment of a complete industrial chain and strong production capacity, and reached a considerable level of science and technology, making China an industrial power.
As China's industry has continued to grow for decades, China is a country that can rely on its own strength to build the world’s fastest high-speed railways and locomotives, a country that can independently establish manned space stations and complete deep space exploration, and a country that can build its own aircraft carriers and shipboards on its own. The country of airplanes, a country that can independently design and manufacture CPUs and supercomputers, is a title that deserves to be an industrial power. On the path of industrialization, from the agricultural country to the primary industrial country, to the industrial power, to the industrial power, China has entered the final stage of sprint. The road ahead is still very long. The takeoff of China Dragon has only just begun.
Zhang Gaoling, member of the “One Belt and One Road” industrial cooperation think tank of the China Federation of Industrial Economics, felt that General Secretary Xi Jinping had been an inscription for the China Industry News Agency thirty years ago and wrote a special article entitled “China's Industrial Self-reliance”. The article briefly reviewed Chinese industry. The arduous course of development has focused more on the spirit of China's industrial self-improvement. In order to demonstrate the achievements of China's industrial self-improvement and demonstrate the impetus for China's industrial self-improvement, this newspaper will open a column entitled “China's Industrial Self-reliance” in the follow-up reports, and conduct a multi-perspective view on the development path of Chinese industry that stands by the world’s forests. Full coverage. Please pay attention to readers.
This year marks the 30th anniversary of the establishment of a corporate group by the Party Central Committee and the State Council. The name of the "group company" was first proposed in the national documents 30 years ago. The documents of the former National Development and Reform Commission and the State Economic Commission (Reform No. [1987] No.78) pointed out that “Group companies are closely integrated layers of enterprise groups and are entities of the group, gradually implementing the integration of assets and operations...” and pointed out that The enterprise group is registered and registered under the name of "group company" (or "associated company"). The Chinese group companies are new things that emerged in the reform of the economic system under the planned commercial economy conditions that were based on public ownership at that time.
With the development of the commodity economy and the horizontal economy among the enterprises, the China Group Company has risen since 1986. From 1986 to 1988, it was the initial stage of the birth of the China Group Company. At that time, the establishment of Fujian enterprise groups was relatively late in the country. By the end of 1989, the province had only set up 22 cross-regional, inter-departmental, and cross-ownership enterprise groups (12 in Fuzhou, 4 in Sanming, and 2 in Xiamen). 2 in Nanping City and 1 in Yong'an City). However, Jidong Electric (Group) Co., Ltd., the first enterprise group in Fujian Province, established in September 1987, took out an export-oriented enterprise with Chinese characteristics in 1984, which caused a sensation throughout the country. , known as "the gold phoenix flying out of the mountain nest." "China Machinery News" (the predecessor of "China Industry News") once published a report titled "The Jidong Electric Company is at the Forefront of System Reform" and added a short commentary: "What is the road to Jidong? This is to insist on reforms. Adhere to open up, implementation of 'inline', 'outside of the joint', the company from production to production and management type, in the domestic and foreign competition to obtain development."
In this context, when he was 32 years old, Xi Jinping, who was then the standing committee member and deputy mayor of the Xiamen Municipal Committee of Fujian Province, wrote the four characters “self-improvement” for the “China Machinery News” Fujian reporter station.
Thirty years have passed, and the spirit of “self-improvement” has always inspired the employees of China Industry News (formerly China Machinery News) to keep moving forward. "China Industry News" wrote "self-improvement --- the mouthpiece of Chinese industry" on its own report.
"Striving to be stronger than ever" is the essence of China's industrial revolution. In the 30 years of the Chinese industrial revolution, just as General Secretary Xi Jinping said, “reflecting the history of the struggle of more than 1.3 billion Chinese people striving unceasingly”. Thirty years ago, China was still very poor, and per capita income was only one-third of the per capita income of sub-Saharan African countries. The Chinese people have become the world's largest and most dynamic manufacturing center today. With the production of half of the world's steel, it is eight times that of the United States, producing 60% of the world's cement and more than 25% of the world's automobiles. China is currently the world's largest patent applicant, and the total number of patent applications has exceeded the sum of the United States and Japan. China is also the largest producer of industrial products and agricultural products in the world.
In the past more than 100 years of the current industrial revolution in China, the Chinese people who have been constantly striving have been exploring. After the defeat of the Second Opium War in 1860, the ambitious Westernization Movement began an attempt to industrialize China. The industrialization of the late Qing Dynasty took half a century to solve China's problems of poverty, backwardness, and national incompetence. As a result, the Revolution of 1911 was born. The Revolution of 1911 established the first "inclusive" government based on the western constitution in Chinese history. The new Republican government has promoted China's industrialization process by fully mimicking the political system of American democracy and decentralization (ie, three points of legislative, administrative and judicial power). However, in the long-term turmoil, the warlords have fought and the national power is weak, and they cannot resist foreign enemies. After 40 years, China is still poor. Although some social progress has been made, it is far from enough to detonate an industrial revolution. During the Republic of China’s continued turmoil and poverty, only the Chinese Communist Party could save China. Only Marxism combined with China’s reality can save China. When New China was founded in 1949, Mao Zedong solemnly declared to the world that the Chinese people stood up! The new China, not transformed by dynasty China, was born from a cultural China and has since opened up new attempts to industrialize China.
Since the founding of New China, the Chinese people, who are constantly striving to become stronger, have begun a new exploration of Chinese industrialization under the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party with Comrade Mao Zedong as the core. Mao Zedong was a great leader who grew up among the masses of the people. He was founded by the Chinese communists, mainly represented by him, and the tradition of combining Marxism with China's reality. He and his comrades built a great career, his scientific theory, Deep thought and lofty spirit have deeply rooted in the hearts of Chinese communists and the Chinese people. Mao Zedong was the son of a peasant who grew from a teacher teacher to an outstanding politician and military strategist. He fully understands the causes of poverty in China and the conditions for China's industrialization. Mao Zedong warned government officials that China’s industrial revolution must rely on organized peasants, and it must start with a large number of small rural factories. These rural factories can produce basic farming tools and household products to meet the production and daily life needs of farmers. He once said that with the continuous improvement of the technical and operational scale of rural industry, it will eventually change the face of poverty in rural areas, and lay a good foundation for the industrialization of Chinese cities and the four modernization processes of the country.
In the 30 years since the founding of the People’s Republic of China, the intention was to realize industrialization in a more radical manner and to mimic the socialist planned economy of the Soviet Union. This 30-year effort has resulted in considerable achievements for China, such as a significant reduction in the number of illiterate people, an increase in life expectancy from 35 to 68 years, an infant mortality rate of from 1,000 per thousand to 40 per thousand, and a high incidence of malaria. 5.55% has been reduced to 0.3%, and the population has grown from 600 million people to 1 billion people. It has established an autonomous country led by the Communist Party of China, an effective administrative capacity of the government, and an initially perfect industrial system. In particular, the industrialization and rural cooperative movement and the birth of the social enterprise have played a fundamental role in the reform and opening up that began in 1978. The establishment of the land public ownership system (urban land state ownership and rural land collective ownership) after the founding of New China laid the foundation for the initial industrialization and the first and second industrial revolution after China's reform and opening up. Township enterprises established on the basis of collective ownership of rural land have become the main driving force of the first industrial revolution; and “land finance” based on the state ownership of urban land has become the second industrial revolution energy, power, and transportation. The primary sources of capital accumulation for communications infrastructure construction and urbanization in China.
Seeing that the Chinese people who are constantly striving to become stronger and stronger, under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, after only 40 years of reform and opening up, they finally detonated an industrial revolution that shocked the world 120 years after the Westernization Movement. This made China embark on a road to industrialization and quickly move from one to another. The agricultural country has transformed into a global manufacturing center. The continuous and rapid development of China's industry has created an industrial system with complete categories, complete independence, and large scale, which has effectively promoted the process of industrialization, urbanization, and modernization, significantly enhanced the overall national strength, and supported China's status as a world power.
Looking at the chronology of industrialization, China had already successfully completed its first industrial revolution in the first 15 to 20 years of prosperity of township enterprises after the reform and opening up in 1978; and it exploded the second industrial revolution in the late 1990s. It is currently at the climax of the second industrial revolution and opening the door to the third industrial revolution.
The pace of China’s industrialization is constantly becoming unstoppable. Statistics from the United Nations Industrial Development Organization show that China’s manufacturing net exports rank first in the world, with more than 220 steel, cement, automobiles, computers, air conditioners, refrigerators, ships, refined copper, and electrolytic aluminum. The output of industrial products ranks first in the world. High-speed railway involves dozens of scientific researches such as iron and steel, metallurgy, composite materials, locomotives, new power, chassis, braking, power supply, voltage regulator, sensing, communications, telecommunications, brake control, signal integration, signal transmission, and security control. The industrial sector and hundreds of manufacturing categories, and tens of thousands of product categories, the overall improvement of industrial and engineering quality, and the improvement of the regulatory system and production management, are signs of a sharp rise in the overall level of “Made in China”. What is surprising about the rise of China lies not only in its large scale, its lightning speed, but also in her peaceful and civilized way. No country or region has achieved industrialization through reciprocal international trade alone, instead of repeating the old road of development of colonialism, imperialism, and slave trade of the Western industrial powers and the development of a bloody and aggressive war against weak countries. Therefore, the rise of China will surely bring a new situation and philosophy to the world order and global governance.
On November 29, 2012, General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out: "The realization of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation is the greatest dream of the Chinese nation in modern times." "I firmly believe that the goal of building a well-to-do society by the time the Communist Party of China is founded 100 years will surely be realized. The goal of building a prosperous, strong, democratic, civilized and harmonious socialist modernized country by the time China is founded 100 years ago will certainly be realized, and the dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation will surely be realized."
What kind of spirit does the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation achieve? Self-improvement! Self-improvement as the mainstream spirit of traditional Chinese culture requires people to be self-reliant, self-confident, self-improvement, positive, courageous, and courageous to explore. The fundamental goal of the "Chinese Dream" is to realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation and advance the lofty cause of peace and development of mankind. The way to achieve this is to follow the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics, carry forward the spirit of China, and condense the power of China. Both of these aspects reflect the mainstream spirit of traditional Chinese culture: self-improvement.
Industrial China, the Chinese people who are constantly striving to become stronger, and Chinese industries that are constantly striving to become stronger. The reform and opening up started with “three supplements” and grew into a “world factory” that benefits Sunny, reflecting the progress of the integration of China and the world and common development. In the fall of 2013, General Secretary Xi Jinping proposed the joint construction of the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road in Kazakhstan and Indonesia, the “Belt and Road Initiative” to the “Belt and Road” International Cooperation Summit on May 14, 2017. . The “One Belt and One Road” has become a banner and has become a banner that unites the forces of the world and achieves win-win cooperation. China is the first advocate of the "Belt and Road Initiative," and it is also a responsible and responsible practitioner. The “One Belt and One Road” exports China’s high-end technologies and equipment. In the past, China was the factory of the world. Now the world is China’s market. The “One Belt and One Road” has brought a golden opportunity for Chinese industry.
"To promote the transformation of China's manufacturing to China, the transformation of China's speed to China's quality, and the transition of Chinese products to Chinese brands." Since the party’s 18th National Congress, General Secretary Xi Jinping has made an important assertion that “the socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new stage of development” and has repeatedly made important expositions on China’s industrial transformation and upgrading. From this, one can find a way to break through the break and understand the new era definition that Chinese industry has given itself. Chinese industry, when it comes to self-reliance, is the essence, and innovation is the soul. "One place and one enterprise must overcome the bottleneck of development and resolve deep-level contradictions and problems. The fundamental way out lies in innovation. The key lies in the strength of science and technology." The development of the times has already marked a new baseline for the survival of Chinese enterprises. However, the innovator is strong, but the innovator wins. It is necessary to thoroughly study and understand General Secretary Xi Jinping’s strategic thinking on vigorously revitalizing the manufacturing industry, and profoundly understand the strategic role of the building of industrial powers in economic development and national rejuvenation. He should assume the mission of the times with a high sense of political responsibility, strive for continuous improvement, and unswervingly advance new-type industrialization. Persisting in improving the quality and efficiency of development, we will continue to focus on supply-side structural reforms, accelerate the building of manufacturing powerhouses and network powerhouses, and make every effort to promote “Made in China 2025”, implement the “three go ones, one subsidy” key task, and deepen manufacturing. The development of the industry and the Internet is integrated and the integration of military and civilian development is deepened. We must deepen the drive of innovation and do a good job of stabilizing growth, promoting reform, adjusting structure, deepening integration, and benefiting people's livelihood. We need to accelerate the cultivation of new kinetic energy and the restoration of traditional kinetic energy so as to maintain steady growth of China's industry and improve quality and efficiency.
In the past two years since the "Made in China 2025" was implemented, a number of key bottlenecks in the industry chain have been solved, a number of problems in our country have been solved, and the industrial base has not been consolidated. This has laid a more solid foundation for the construction of industrial powers. The main carriers for building an industrial powerhouse: equipment manufacturing, aerospace industry, integrated circuit industry, smart manufacturing, robotics, 3D printing industry, cloud computing service industry, modern logistics industry have been basically established. Adhere to the path of independent innovation with Chinese characteristics, open the bottleneck and context of basic research, applied research and industrialization, and build independent standards, independent intellectual property rights, independent design, independent integrated manufacturing, independent brands, self-created models, and self-controlled commercial channels. The basic path of industrial power has also emerged. The core policies for the building of industrial powerhouses: New industry cultivation policies, fair competition policies, technological progress promotion policies, fiscal and tax support policies, financial support policies, personnel training policies, institutional and institutional reforms, etc. are gradually being improved. "Made in China 2025" requires that the overall promotion of the industrial base includes the development of core basic components and parts (components), key basic materials, advanced basic technologies and industrial technology bases ("four bases"), and the strengthening of "four bases" innovation capacity building. Organize and implement strong industrial foundation projects, promote the integration of military and civilian in the basic field, and promote the coordinated development of whole machine enterprises and “four-based” enterprises. We will strive to ensure that 40% of the core basic components (components) and key basic materials will be independently guaranteed by 2020, and the promotion and application rate of advanced basic technologies will reach 50%. The basic industrial technology system will be initially established, and the situation subject to human beings will gradually ease, basically meeting the high-end requirements. The need for equipment manufacturing and major national projects. According to the forecast of the National Information Center, China's nominal GDP will reach 29.1 trillion U.S. dollars by 2025, exceeding the U.S. economic figure of 28.1 trillion U.S. dollars, becoming the world’s largest economy, accounting for about 20% of the world’s total economic output, and the U.S. The proportion of total economic output in the world will drop to 20.3%. "Made in China 2025" pointed out that in 2025, China can basically step into the ranks of manufacturing powers, and in 2035 it can be the leader in the second phalanx of manufacturing powerhouses; in 2050, it will enter the first phalanx of manufacturing powerhouses, with two hundred-year goals. Basic docking.
The dragon's take-off look forward to the future, from a large industrial country to an industrial powerhouse, rising up in the global value chain. This is a new opportunity for China and a new opportunity for the world. The road to a powerful industrial country in China is a lofty cause for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation and the promotion of peace and development of mankind. It is a major manifestation of the Chinese nation’s independence, self-confidence, and self-improvement, and it has made a difference in the prosperity of the Chinese nation and the progress of human civilization. To achieve this goal, the Chinese industrial community and the people of all nationalities in China must increase their road to self-confidence, theoretical self-confidence, institutional self-confidence, and cultural self-confidence in socialism with Chinese characteristics, and unwaveringly advance toward the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics. The important statement of "Four Confidence" put forward by General Secretary Xi Jinping itself is a scientific reflection of the spirit of "self-improvement" and the mainstream spirit of traditional Chinese culture. It is an important theoretical innovation of General Secretary Xi Jinping. "Self-confidence" is a firm belief that our road to socialism with Chinese characteristics is correct and feasible; "confidence in theory" is a firm belief that our socialist theory with Chinese characteristics is scientific and correct; "confidence in the system" is a firm belief in our Chinese characteristics. The socialist system is superior; "cultural self-confidence" is an interpretation of the fundamental, subjective and overall nature of our socialism with Chinese characteristics. The theory of socialism with Chinese characteristics once guided the Chinese nation to self-improvement and successfully carried out reform and opening up and socialist modernization, and made remarkable achievements. Therefore, we firmly believe that using this theory, following the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics and adhering to the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, the dream of a strong nation in Chinese industry will certainly be realized! The Chinese dream of a great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation will surely come true! The great dream of human civilization towards glory will surely come true!
"Heavenly days, the gentleman strives for self-improvement." The ancients were inspired by the laws of nature. After thousands of years of accumulation and development, the ancient people became the great national spirit of the Chinese nation that was vigorous and prosperous. This spirit inspires the Chinese people to transform and innovate and work hard to create a brilliant and splendid Chinese civilization. It also enables the Chinese people to remain steadfast, courageous and resistant to any difficulties. "Perseverance and dedication are the keys to success." The spirit of continuous self-improvement is the never-ending bloodline of the Chinese culture of Boda. It is the spiritual pillar and powerful driving force of the Chinese nation's five thousand years of civilization. The spirit of the spirit of the Chinese nation, under the leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, has entered a new stage of development in socialism with Chinese characteristics and will surely radiate even more dazzling light in the great journey of realizing the Chinese dream. !
[quote] "self-improvement" --- General Secretary Xi Jinping issued the keynote speech entitled "Jointly Creating the Second Golden Bridging Cooperation" at the opening ceremony of the BRIC China Business Forum on September 3, 2017: " I came to work in Fujian in 1985 and Xiamen was the first stop.At the time, Xiamen was at the forefront of China’s reform and opening up, and it was a special economic zone that pioneered and tried first, and it was also a hot spot for development. More than 30 years of spring rains, today’s Xiamen has developed into a The city of high-quality innovation and entrepreneurship, the rapid development of new economic and new industries, trade and investment go hand in hand, shipping, land transport, air transport access to five continents.Today's Xiamen is also a city of high-value ecological garden, people and nature are in harmony with each other. Saying, "Love and fight will win." This contains a spirit of determination and progress. The successful practice of this city in Xiamen reflects the history of the struggle of more than 1.3 billion Chinese people striving constantly."
(Zhang Gaoling, Research Fellow, Executive Vice President of the China Group Corporation Promotion Association, Expert Committee Member of the “One Belt and One Road” Industrial Cooperation Think Tank of China Industrial Economic Association, Specialist Expert of China Industry News Agency)

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